Decade By Decade: Timelines of the 1800s
May 30, 1830: The Indian Removal Act was signed into law in the United States
June 26, 1830: King George IV of England died and William IV ascended to the throne.
August 28, 1830: Peter Cooper raced his locomotive, the Tom Thumb, against a horse.
December 10, 1830: American poet Emily Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts.
- The Anti-Masonic Party held a meeting and agreed to hold a nominating convention the following year.
January 1, 1831: William Lloyd Garrison began publishing The Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper, in Boston, Massachusetts.
July 4, 1831: Former president James Monroe died in New York City at the age of 73.
August 21, 1831: A slave rebellion led by Nat Turner broke out in Virginia.
September 21, 1831: The first American political convention was held in Baltimore, Maryland by the Anti-Masonic Party.
November 11, 1831: Nat Turner was hanged in Virginia.
January 13, 1832: American author Horatio Alger was born in Chelsea, Massachusetts.
April 1831: The Black Hawk war began on the American frontier. The conflict would mark the only military service of Abraham Lincoln.
November 14, 1832: Charles Carroll, the last living signer of the Declaration of Independence, died in Baltimore, Maryland at the age of 95.
November 29, 1832: American author Louisa May Alcott was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania.
December 3, 1832: Andrew Jackson was elected to his second term as president of the United States.
Painter George Catlin began living among the Sioux Indians in the Dakota Territory.
March 4, 1833: Andrew Jackson took the oath of office as president for the second time.
Summer 1833: Charles Darwin, during his voyage aboard H.M.S. Beagle, spends time with gauchos in Argentina and explores inland.
August 20, 1833: Benjamin Harrison, future president of the United States, was born in North Bend, Ohio.
October 21, 1833: Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and sponsor of the Nobel Prize, was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
The Nullification Crisis was settled when American political leaders reached a compromise on a new tariff.
March 27, 1834: President Andrew Jackson was censured by the U.S. Congress during a bitter disagreement over the Bank of the United States. The censure was later expunged.
August 1, 1834: Slavery was abolished in the British Empire.
September 2, 1834: Thomas Telford, British engineer, designer of the Menai Suspension Bridge and other noteworthy structures, died in London at the age of 77.
January 30, 1835: In the first assassination attempt on an American president, a deranged man shot at Andrew Jackson in the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol.
May 1835: A railroad in Belgium was the first railroad on the continent of Europe.
July 6, 1835: United States Chief Justice John Marshall died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at the age of 79.
September 7, 1835: Charles Darwin arrived at the Galapagos Islands during his voyage aboard H.M.S. Beagle.
November 25, 1835: Industrialist Andrew Carnegie was born in Scotland.
November 30, 1835: Samuel Clemens, who would achieve enormous fame under his pen name, Mark Twain, was born in Missouri.
December 1835: Hans Christian Andersen published his first book of fairy tales.
December 15-17, 1835: The Great Fire of New York destroyed a large part of lower Manhattan.
January 1836: The siege of the Alamo began at San Antonio, Texas.
February 1836: Samuel Colt patented the revolver.
February 24, 1836: American artist Winslow Homer was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
March 6, 1836: Battle of the Alamo ended with the deaths of Davy Crockett, William Barrett Travis, and James Bowie.
April 21, : Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution, was fought. Troops led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexican Army.
June 28, 1836: Former U.S. president James Madison died in Montpelier, Virginia at the age of 85.
December 7, 1836: Martin Van Buren was elected President of the United States.
March 4, 1837: Martin Van Buren took the oath of office as president of the United States.
March 18, 1837: Grover Cleveland, U.S. President, was born in Caldwell, New Jersey.
April 17, 1837: John Pierpont Morgan, American banker, was born in Hartford, Connecticut.
May 10, 1837: The Panic of 1837, a major financial crisis of the 19th century, began in New York City.
June 20, 1837: King William IV of Great Britain died at Windsor Castle at the age of 71.
June 20, 1837: Victoria became Queen of Great Britain at the age of 18.
November 7, 1837: Abolitionist Elijah Lovejoy was murdered by a pro-slavery mob in Alton, Illinois.
January 4, 1838: Charles Stratton, better known as General Tom Thumb, was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
May 10, 1838: John Wilkes Booth, American actor and assassin of Abraham Lincoln, was born in Bel Air, Maryland.
September 1, 1838: William Clark, who with Meriwether Lewis had led the Lewis and Clark Expedition, died in St. Louis, Missouri, at the age of 68.
- Late 1838: The Cherokee Tribe was forcibly moved westward in what became known as the Trail of Tears.
June 1839: Louis Daguerre patented his camera in France.
July 1839: A slave rebellion broke out aboard the ship Amistad.
July 8, 1839: John D. Rockefeller, American oil magnate and philanthropist, was born in Richford, New York.
December 5, 1839: George Armstrong Custer, American cavalry officer, was born in New Rumley, Ohio.