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Timeline from 1830 to 1840

Major Events of the 1830s


Decade By Decade: Timelines of the 1800s



  • January 1, 1831: William Lloyd Garrison began publishing The Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper, in Boston, Massachusetts.

  • July 4, 1831: Former president James Monroe died in New York City at the age of 73.

  • August 21, 1831: A slave rebellion led by Nat Turner broke out in Virginia.

  • September 21, 1831: The first American political convention was held in Baltimore, Maryland by the Anti-Masonic Party.

  • November 11, 1831: Nat Turner was hanged in Virginia.

  • December 27, 1831: Charles Darwin sailed from England aboard the research ship H.M.S. Beagle.


  • January 13, 1832: American author Horatio Alger was born in Chelsea, Massachusetts.

  • April 1831: The Black Hawk war began on the American frontier. The conflict would mark the only military service of Abraham Lincoln.

  • November 14, 1832: Charles Carroll, the last living signer of the Declaration of Independence, died in Baltimore, Maryland at the age of 95.

  • November 29, 1832: American author Louisa May Alcott was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania.

  • December 3, 1832: Andrew Jackson was elected to his second term as president of the United States.

  • Painter George Catlin began living among the Sioux Indians in the Dakota Territory.


  • March 4, 1833: Andrew Jackson took the oath of office as president for the second time.

  • Summer 1833: Charles Darwin, during his voyage aboard H.M.S. Beagle, spends time with gauchos in Argentina and explores inland.

  • August 20, 1833: Benjamin Harrison, future president of the United States, was born in North Bend, Ohio.

  • October 21, 1833: Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and sponsor of the Nobel Prize, was born in Stockholm, Sweden.

  • The Nullification Crisis was settled when American political leaders reached a compromise on a new tariff.


  • March 27, 1834: President Andrew Jackson was censured by the U.S. Congress during a bitter disagreement over the Bank of the United States. The censure was later expunged.

  • April 2, 1834: French sculptor Frederic-August Bartholdi, creator of the Statue of Liberty, was born in the Alsace region of France.

  • August 1, 1834: Slavery was abolished in the British Empire.

  • September 2, 1834: Thomas Telford, British engineer, designer of the Menai Suspension Bridge and other noteworthy structures, died in London at the age of 77.


  • January 30, 1835: In the first assassination attempt on an American president, a deranged man shot at Andrew Jackson in the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol.

  • May 1835: A railroad in Belgium was the first railroad on the continent of Europe.

  • July 6, 1835: United States Chief Justice John Marshall died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at the age of 79.

  • September 7, 1835: Charles Darwin arrived at the Galapagos Islands during his voyage aboard H.M.S. Beagle.

  • November 25, 1835: Industrialist Andrew Carnegie was born in Scotland.

  • November 30, 1835: Samuel Clemens, who would achieve enormous fame under his pen name, Mark Twain, was born in Missouri.

  • December 1835: Hans Christian Andersen published his first book of fairy tales.

  • December 15-17, 1835: The Great Fire of New York destroyed a large part of lower Manhattan.


  • January 1836: The siege of the Alamo began at San Antonio, Texas.

  • February 1836: Samuel Colt patented the revolver.

  • February 24, 1836: American artist Winslow Homer was born in Boston, Massachusetts.

  • March 6, 1836: Battle of the Alamo ended with the deaths of Davy Crockett, William Barrett Travis, and James Bowie.

  • April 21, : Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution, was fought. Troops led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexican Army.

  • June 28, 1836: Former U.S. president James Madison died in Montpelier, Virginia at the age of 85.

  • September 14, 1836: Former U.S. vice president Aaron Burr, who killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel, died in Staten Island, New York, at the age of 80.

  • October 2, 1836: Charles Darwin arrived in England after sailing around the world aboard H.M.S. Beagle.

  • December 7, 1836: Martin Van Buren was elected President of the United States.


  • March 4, 1837: Martin Van Buren took the oath of office as president of the United States.

  • March 18, 1837: Grover Cleveland, U.S. President, was born in Caldwell, New Jersey.

  • April 17, 1837: John Pierpont Morgan, American banker, was born in Hartford, Connecticut.

  • May 10, 1837: The Panic of 1837, a major financial crisis of the 19th century, began in New York City.

  • June 20, 1837: King William IV of Great Britain died at Windsor Castle at the age of 71.

  • June 20, 1837: Victoria became Queen of Great Britain at the age of 18.

  • November 7, 1837: Abolitionist Elijah Lovejoy was murdered by a pro-slavery mob in Alton, Illinois.


  • January 4, 1838: Charles Stratton, better known as General Tom Thumb, was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut.

  • January 27, 1838: In one of his earliest speeches, Abraham Lincoln, at the age of 28, delivered a public address to a lyceum in Springfield, Illinois.

  • May 10, 1838: John Wilkes Booth, American actor and assassin of Abraham Lincoln, was born in Bel Air, Maryland.

  • September 1, 1838: William Clark, who with Meriwether Lewis had led the Lewis and Clark Expedition, died in St. Louis, Missouri, at the age of 68.

  • Late 1838: The Cherokee Tribe was forcibly moved westward in what became known as the Trail of Tears.


  • June 1839: Louis Daguerre patented his camera in France.

  • July 1839: A slave rebellion broke out aboard the ship Amistad.

  • July 8, 1839: John D. Rockefeller, American oil magnate and philanthropist, was born in Richford, New York.

  • December 5, 1839: George Armstrong Custer, American cavalry officer, was born in New Rumley, Ohio.

Decade By Decade: 1800-1810 | 1810-1820 | 1820-1830 | 1840-1850 | 1850-1860 | 1860-1870 | 1870-1880 | 1880-1890 | 1890-1900 | The Civil War Year By Year

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