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The Gilded Age

Mark Twain coined the term "The Gilded Age" to describe conditions in the late 1800s, when a new class of very rich people reveled in ostentatious displays of wealth while downtrodden workers organized for fair wages and safe factory conditions. The American south languished in the racist Jim Crow period, and the urban poor were chronicled by writers such as journalist Jacob Riis.
  1. Conservation Movement (2)
  2. Industrialists (2)
  3. Organized Labor (6)
  4. Robber Barons (8)
  5. The Jim Crow South (1)
  6. Urban Conditions (2)

Tammany Hall
Tammany Hall was political machine that ran New York City through a system of political patronage, and it was the epitome of corrupt politics in the 1800s. Started in the 1780s as a patriotic and social club, the organization evolved into a power center and was the political home of such figures as Martin Van Buren, William Marcy Boss Tweed,...

Financial Panics of the 19th Century
Financial panics gripped the American economy periodically in the 19th century. Some created major depressions, causing widespread failures of banks, businesses, and even farms.

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