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Robert McNamara

Updated Articles and Resources

By Robert McNamara

    Updated Articles and Resources
    • How Did the Statue of Liberty Come to Symbolize Immigration? Created: Thursday, October 27, 2011 Updated: Tuesday, July 22, 2014
      A poem by Emma Lazarus essentially changed the meaning of the Statue of Liberty, which had not been intended to be a symbol of immigration.
    • Battle of Bull Run: Summer of 1861 Disaster for Union Army Created: Monday, June 20, 2011 Updated: Monday, July 21, 2014
      The First Battle of Bull Run (or First Manassas) was considered a defeat for the Union, and it destroyed any hope that the war would be short and easy.
    • The Sinking of the Steamship Arctic Created: Sunday, July 12, 2009 Updated: Friday, July 18, 2014
      The sinking of the steamship Arctic, one of the grandest ships afloat in the 1850s, was a disaster that stunned the world in September 1854.
    • Violence Over Slavery on the Floor of the U.S. Senate Created: Monday, May 19, 2008 Updated: Monday, July 14, 2014
      A southern congressman beat an anti-slavery senator from Massachusetts with a cane in the U.S. Capitol as tensions over slavery boiled over in May 1856.
    • John Muir Inspired the Conservation Movement Created: Thursday, July 16, 2009 Updated: Monday, July 14, 2014
      Scottish-born John Muir was a strong advocate for the US National Parks in the 19th century.
    • Financier Russell Sage Attacked Created: Saturday, June 28, 2014 Updated: Monday, July 14, 2014
      Financier Russell Sage was nearly killed in 1891 when a dynamite bomb exploded in his Manhattan office.
    • Henry David Thoreau Created: Monday, August 17, 2009 Updated: Saturday, July 12, 2014
      Henry David Thoreau challenged popular thinking about life and society in works such as his book Walden and essay Civil Disobedience.
    • Abbottabad Named for British Officer Created: Sunday, June 29, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 10, 2014
      Abbottabad, the hideout of Osama Bin Laden, was named for a fascinating 19th century British officer, Sir James Abbott.
    • Wet Plate Collodion Process of Photography Created: Sunday, October 30, 2011 Updated: Tuesday, July 08, 2014
      Wet plate collodion photography of the Civil War era required considerable expertise yet in the right hands it could produce remarkable results.
    • The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 Created: Sunday, June 01, 2008 Updated: Tuesday, July 08, 2014
      The highly controversial Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, intended as a compromise over slavery, actually inflamed tensions and hastened the Civil War.
    • Barbecue and Politics In the 19th Century Created: Sunday, June 29, 2014 Updated: Tuesday, July 08, 2014
      The American tradition of mixing barbecue and politics has strong roots in the 1800s.
    • Sinking of the Steamship Lexington Created: Sunday, June 29, 2014 Updated: Monday, July 07, 2014
      The burning and sinking of the steamship Lexington in Long Island Sound was a shocking disaster in January 1840.
    • William H. Seward Created: Wednesday, September 26, 2012 Updated: Sunday, July 06, 2014
      William H. Seward, political rival of Abraham Lincoln, became his secretary of state and skillfully guided U.S. foreign policy during the Civil War.
    • Abraham Lincoln and the Gettysburg Address Created: Monday, November 17, 2008 Updated: Sunday, July 06, 2014
      Abraham Lincoln had specific goals in mind and took great care in crafting the Gettysburg Address.
    • The Young U.S. Navy Battled North African Pirates Created: Sunday, April 12, 2009 Updated: Sunday, July 06, 2014
      President Thomas Jefferson refused to pay tribute and dispatched the young U.S. Navy to battle the Barbary Pirates.
    • Horace Greeley Prodded Lincoln Created: Sunday, June 29, 2014 Updated: Sunday, July 06, 2014
      Legendary editor Horace Greeley sharply criticized President Abraham Lincoln over the issue of slavery.
    • Frederick Douglass and the Fourth of July Created: Sunday, June 29, 2014 Updated: Saturday, July 05, 2014
      An eloquent 1852 speech by Frederick Douglass asked what the meaning of July 4th could be for the American slave.
    • First Crossing of the Brooklyn Bridge Created: Saturday, June 28, 2014 Updated: Saturday, July 05, 2014
      The first crossing of the Brooklyn Bridge, by an engineer dangling from a cable, happened at about the halfway point of the bridge's construction.
    • Congreve Rocket Created: Friday, April 27, 2012 Updated: Friday, July 04, 2014
      Definition of Congreve Rocket, British Weapon Referred to in the "Star-Spangled Banner."
    • Was Uncle Sam a Real Person? Created: Sunday, January 27, 2013 Updated: Friday, July 04, 2014
      The character of Uncle Sam, many would be surprised to know, was indeed based on a real man who lived 200 years ago.
    • Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg Created: Thursday, June 13, 2013 Updated: Thursday, July 03, 2014
      Pickett's Charge was an infantry attack that became the climax of the Battle of Gettysburg.
    • Decoration Day Created: Thursday, June 09, 2011 Updated: Thursday, July 03, 2014
      Decoration Day was the precursor of the holiday Memorial Day, and was first observed in 1868, following the carnage of the Civil War.
    • The Fight for Little Round Top at Gettysburg Created: Monday, May 27, 2013 Updated: Wednesday, July 02, 2014
      The fight for Little Round Top, a strategic hill at Gettysburg, was one of the most significant and dramatic actions of the entire Civil War.
    • John L. Sullivan Created: Sunday, December 29, 2013 Updated: Wednesday, July 02, 2014
      The boxer John L. Sullivan attained enormous fame in the late 1800s as one of the first great sports figures in America.
    • Significance of the Battle of Gettysburg Created: Monday, May 20, 2013 Updated: Monday, June 30, 2014
      Five reasons why the Battle of Gettysburg mattered.
    • Steve Brodie and the Brooklyn Bridge Created: Sunday, June 29, 2014 Updated: Sunday, June 29, 2014
      Steve Brodie's famous 1886 leap from the Brooklyn Bridge may never have happened, but that really didn't matter.
    • Britain's Second War in Afghanistan Was Marked by Miscalculations and Heroics Created: Monday, November 16, 2009 Updated: Friday, June 27, 2014
      Britain's second war in Afghanistan, fought in the late 1870s, was marked by miscalculations and heroics, and ultimately succeeded in protecting the prize possession of the British Empire, India."<...
    • The Road to the Civil War Created: Saturday, October 29, 2011 Updated: Friday, June 27, 2014
      America's road to Civil War stretched for decades as regional conflict, centered on the issue of slavery, threatened to split the Union. Learn about America's long road to Civil War.
    • Great Legislative Compromises Held the Union Together Created: Monday, August 01, 2011 Updated: Friday, June 27, 2014
      Compromises in the 1800s over slavery delayed the Civil War: The Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Compromise of 1850, and 1854's Kansas-Nebraska Act
    • The Year Without a Summer Was a Bizarre Weather Disaster in 1816 Created: Tuesday, March 27, 2012 Updated: Thursday, June 26, 2014
      A widespread weather disaster caused by a volcanic eruption made 1816 known as the Year Without a Summer.
    • Clara Barton, Founder of the American Red Cross Created: Monday, June 13, 2011 Updated: Thursday, June 26, 2014
      Clara Barton served as a Civil War nurse and founded the American Red Cross." itemprop="description"> Monday, April 14, 2008 Updated: Thursday, June 26, 2014
      News of the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre on April 14, 1865 shocked the United States at the end of the Civil War.

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