Decade By Decade: Timelines of the 1800s
July 2, 1890: The Sherman Anti-Trust Act became law in the United States.
July 13, 1890: John C. Frémont, American explorer and political figure, died in New York City at the age of 77.
July 29, 1890: Artist Vincent Van Gogh died in France at the age of 37 after shooting himself two days earlier.
December 15, 1890: Sitting Bull, legendary Sioux leader, died at the age of 59 in South Dakota.
December 29, 1890: The Wounded Knee Massacre took place in South Dakota when U.S. Cavalry troopers fired on Lakota Sioux who had gathered.
February 14, 1891: William Tecumseh Sherman, Civil War general, died in New York City at the age of 71.
March 17, 1891: The St. Patrick's Day parade in New York City began using the traditional route up Fifth Avenue.
April 7, 1891: American showman Phineas T. Barnum died in Bridgeport, Connecticut at the age of 80.
May 5, 1891: Carnegie Hall opened in New York City.
June 25, 1891: The character Sherlock Holmes, created by Arthur Conan Doyle, appeared in The Strand magazine for the first time.
September 28, 1891: Herman Melville, author of Moby Dick, died in New York City at the age of 72.
October 6, 1891: Irish political figure Charles Stewart Parnell died in Ireland at the age of 45.
March 26, 1892: American poet Walt Whitman died in Camden, New Jersey at the age of 72.
May 28, 1892: Writer and naturalist John Muir founded the Sierra Club.
July 6, 1892: The Homestead Steel Strike in western Pennsylvania turned into a ferocious day-long battle between Pinkerton men and townspeople.
August 4, 1892: Andrew Borden and his wife were murdered in Fall River, Massachusetts and his daughter Lizzie Borden was accused of the gruesome crime.
November 8, 1892: Grover Cleveland won the U.S. presidential election, becoming the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms.
February 1893: Thomas A. Edison finished building his first motion picture studio.
March 4, 1893: Grover Cleveland was inaugurated as president of the United States for the second time.
May 1, 1893: The 1893 World's Fair, known as the Columbian Exposition, opened in Chicago.
May 1893: A decline in the New York stock market triggered the Panic of 1893, which led to an economic depression second only to the Great Depression of the 1930s.
June 20, 1893: Lizzie Borden was acquitted of murder.
December 1893: The British public was outraged when Arthur Conan Doyle published a story in which Sherlock Holmes apparently died.
March 25, 1894: Coxey's Army, a march to protest unemployment that was largely the result of the Panic of 1893, departed from Ohio on its way to Washington, D.C.
April 30, 1894: Coxey's Army reached Washington, D.C. and its leaders were arrested the next day.
May 1894: The Pullman Strike began, and spread throughout the summer before being put down by federal troops.
June 22, 1894: Pierre de Coubertin organized a meeting which led to the creation of the International Olympic Committee.
September 1894: The U.S. Congress designated the first Monday of September as a legal holiday to mark the contributions of labor, in part as a peace offering to the labor movement following the crackdown on the Pullman Strike.
February 20, 1895: Abolitionist author Frederick Douglass died in Washington, D.C. at the age of 77.
December 1895: President Grover Cleveland arranged for a White House Christmas tree lit with Edison electric bulbs.
Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, arranged in his will for his estate to fund the Nobel Prize.
January 15, 1896: Photographer Mathew Brady died in New York City.
April 1896: The first modern Olympic games, the idea of Pierre de Coubertin, are held in Athens, Greece.
May 18, 1896: The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson that the "separate but equal" principle of Jim Crow laws in the segregated American South is legal.
July 1, 1896: Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, died in Hartford, Connecticut at the age of 85.
November 3, 1896: William McKinley was elected president of the United States, defeating William Jennings Bryan.
December 10, 1896: Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite and benefactor of the Nobel Prize, died in Italy at the age of 63.
March 4, 1897: William McKinley was inaugurated as president of the United States.
July 1897: The Klondike Gold Rush began in Alaska.
February 15, 1898: The American battleship U.S.S. Maine exploded in the harbor at Havana, Cuba, a mysterious event that will lead to the United States going to war with Spain.
April 25, 1898: The United States declared war on Spain.
May 1, 1898: At the Battle of Manila Bay, an American fleet in the Philippines defeated a Spanish naval force.
May 19, 1898: William Ewart Gladstone, former prime minister of Britain, died in Wales at the age of 88.
July 1, 1898: At the Battle of San Juan Hill, Col. Theodore Roosevelt and his "Rough Riders" charged Spanish positions.
July 30, 1898: German statesman Otto von Bismarck died at the age of 88.
July 1899: Newsboys in New York City went on strike for several weeks in a significant action related to child labor.
July 18, 1899: Writer Horatio Alger died in Massachusetts at the age of 67.