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Timeline from 1890 to 1900

The 1890s: Known for Lizzie Borden, an Economic Panic, and the U.S.S. Maine


Decade By Decade: Timelines of the 1800s


  • July 2, 1890: The Sherman Anti-Trust Act became law in the United States.

  • July 13, 1890: John C. Frémont, American explorer and political figure, died in New York City at the age of 77.

  • July 29, 1890: Artist Vincent Van Gogh died in France at the age of 37 after shooting himself two days earlier.

  • October 1, 1890: At the urging of John Muir, The U.S. Congress designated Yosemite a National Park.

  • December 15, 1890: Sitting Bull, legendary Sioux leader, died at the age of 59 in South Dakota.

  • December 29, 1890: The Wounded Knee Massacre took place in South Dakota when U.S. Cavalry troopers fired on Lakota Sioux who had gathered.


  • February 14, 1891: William Tecumseh Sherman, Civil War general, died in New York City at the age of 71.

  • March 17, 1891: The St. Patrick's Day parade in New York City began using the traditional route up Fifth Avenue.

  • April 7, 1891: American showman Phineas T. Barnum died in Bridgeport, Connecticut at the age of 80.

  • May 5, 1891: Carnegie Hall opened in New York City.

  • June 25, 1891: The character Sherlock Holmes, created by Arthur Conan Doyle, appeared in The Strand magazine for the first time.

  • September 28, 1891: Herman Melville, author of Moby Dick, died in New York City at the age of 72.

  • October 6, 1891: Irish political figure Charles Stewart Parnell died in Ireland at the age of 45.


  • March 26, 1892: American poet Walt Whitman died in Camden, New Jersey at the age of 72.

  • May 28, 1892: Writer and naturalist John Muir founded the Sierra Club.

  • July 6, 1892: The Homestead Steel Strike in western Pennsylvania turned into a ferocious day-long battle between Pinkerton men and townspeople.

  • August 4, 1892: Andrew Borden and his wife were murdered in Fall River, Massachusetts and his daughter Lizzie Borden was accused of the gruesome crime.

  • November 8, 1892: Grover Cleveland won the U.S. presidential election, becoming the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms.


  • January 17, 1893: Rutherford B. Hayes, who became president following the disputed election of 1876, died in Ohio at the age of 70.

  • February 1893: Thomas A. Edison finished building his first motion picture studio.

  • March 4, 1893: Grover Cleveland was inaugurated as president of the United States for the second time.

  • May 1, 1893: The 1893 World's Fair, known as the Columbian Exposition, opened in Chicago.

  • May 1893: A decline in the New York stock market triggered the Panic of 1893, which led to an economic depression second only to the Great Depression of the 1930s.

  • June 20, 1893: Lizzie Borden was acquitted of murder.

  • December 1893: The British public was outraged when Arthur Conan Doyle published a story in which Sherlock Holmes apparently died.


  • March 25, 1894: Coxey's Army, a march to protest unemployment that was largely the result of the Panic of 1893, departed from Ohio on its way to Washington, D.C.

  • April 30, 1894: Coxey's Army reached Washington, D.C. and its leaders were arrested the next day.

  • May 1894: The Pullman Strike began, and spread throughout the summer before being put down by federal troops.

  • June 22, 1894: Pierre de Coubertin organized a meeting which led to the creation of the International Olympic Committee.

  • September 1894: The U.S. Congress designated the first Monday of September as a legal holiday to mark the contributions of labor, in part as a peace offering to the labor movement following the crackdown on the Pullman Strike.


  • February 20, 1895: Abolitionist author Frederick Douglass died in Washington, D.C. at the age of 77.

  • December 1895: President Grover Cleveland arranged for a White House Christmas tree lit with Edison electric bulbs.

  • Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, arranged in his will for his estate to fund the Nobel Prize.


  • January 15, 1896: Photographer Mathew Brady died in New York City.

  • April 1896: The first modern Olympic games, the idea of Pierre de Coubertin, are held in Athens, Greece.

  • May 18, 1896: The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson that the "separate but equal" principle of Jim Crow laws in the segregated American South is legal.

  • July 1, 1896: Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, died in Hartford, Connecticut at the age of 85.

  • November 3, 1896: William McKinley was elected president of the United States, defeating William Jennings Bryan.

  • December 10, 1896: Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite and benefactor of the Nobel Prize, died in Italy at the age of 63.


  • March 4, 1897: William McKinley was inaugurated as president of the United States.

  • July 1897: The Klondike Gold Rush began in Alaska.


  • February 15, 1898: The American battleship U.S.S. Maine exploded in the harbor at Havana, Cuba, a mysterious event that will lead to the United States going to war with Spain.

  • April 25, 1898: The United States declared war on Spain.

  • May 1, 1898: At the Battle of Manila Bay, an American fleet in the Philippines defeated a Spanish naval force.

  • May 19, 1898: William Ewart Gladstone, former prime minister of Britain, died in Wales at the age of 88.

  • July 1, 1898: At the Battle of San Juan Hill, Col. Theodore Roosevelt and his "Rough Riders" charged Spanish positions.

  • July 30, 1898: German statesman Otto von Bismarck died at the age of 88.


  • July 1899: Newsboys in New York City went on strike for several weeks in a significant action related to child labor.

  • July 18, 1899: Writer Horatio Alger died in Massachusetts at the age of 67.

Decade By Decade: 1800-1810 | 1810-1820 | 1820-1830 | 1830-1840 | 1840-1850 | 1850-1860 | 1860-1870 | 1870-1880 | 1880-1890 | The Civil War Year By Year

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