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Timeline from 1820 to 1830

The Decade of the Erie Canal, Andrew Jackson, and Daniel O'Connell


Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson

Library of Congress

Decade By Decade: Timelines of the 1800s


  • January 29, 1820: George IV became the King of England upon the death of George III.

  • February 8, 1820: William Tecumseh Sherman, Union general in the Civil War, was born in Lancaster, Ohio.

  • February 15, 1820: Susan B. Anthony, leader of the American suffrage movement, was born in Adams, Massachusetts.

  • March 1820: The Missouri Compromise became law in the United States.

  • March 22, 1820: American naval hero Stephen Decatur was fatally wounded in a duel fought near Washington, D.C.

  • May 12, 1820: Florence Nightingale, English nurse and reformer, was born in Italy.

  • September 26, 1820: American frontiersman Daniel Boone died in Missouri at the age of 85.

  • October 6, 1820: Jenny Lind, whose American tour was a sensation promoted by Phineas T. Barnum in 1850, was born in Sweden.

  • November 1820: James Monroe faced virtually no opposition and was reelected president of the United States.


  • March 4, 1821: James Monroe was sworn in for his second term as president of the United States.

  • May 5, 1821: Napoleon Bonaparte died in exile on the island of St. Helena.

  • September 3, 1821: A devastating hurricane struck New York City, and the study of its path would lead to the understanding of rotating storms.

  • October 17, 1821: Photographer Alexander Gardner was born in Scotland.

  • December 25, 1821: Clara Barton, Civil War nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, was born in Oxford, Massachusetts.

  • A children's book published in New York City referred to a character named "Santeclaus," which may have been the first printed reference to Santa Claus in the English language.

  • American traders began using the Santa Fe Trail.


  • April 22, 1822: Ulysses S. Grant, Civil War general and later president of the United States, was born at Point Pleasant, Ohio.

  • October 4, 1822: Rutherford B. Hayes, who would become president in the disputed election of 1876, was born in Delaware, Ohio.

  • Charles Babbage designed the “difference engine,” an early computing machine

  • Hieroglyphs were deciphered using the Rosetta Stone.

  • The first group of freed slaves being resettled in Africa arrived in Liberia and founded the town of Monrovia, named for President James Monroe.


  • April 3, 1823: William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, the leader of notorious New York political machine Tammany Hall, was born in New York City.

  • December 23, 1823: The poem "A Visit From St. Nicholas" by Clement Clarke Moore was published in a newspaper in Troy, New York.

  • December 1823: President James Monroe introduced the Monroe Doctrine as part of his annual message to Congress.


  • January 21, 1824: Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, Confederate general in the Civil War, was born in Virginia.

  • May 23, 1824: Ambrose Burnside, Civil War general, was born in Indiana.

  • November 1824: The U.S. presidential election of 1824 was deadlocked with no clear winner and would become known as "The Corrupt Bargain."

  • With the controversial election of 1824, a period of American politics known as The Era of Good Feelings comes to an end.


  • February 9, 1825: The election of 1824 was settled by a vote in the U.S. House of Representatives, which elected John Quincy Adams as president. Supporters of Andrew Jackson claimed a "Corrupt Bargain" had been struck between Adams and Henry Clay.

  • March 4, 1825: John Quincy Adams was inaugurated as president of the United States.

  • October 26, 1825: The entire length of the Erie Canal was officially opened across New York, from Albany to Buffalo.


  • January 30, 1826: The Menai Suspension Bridge opened in Wales, ushering in an age of great bridges.

  • July 4, 1826: American songwriter Stephen Foster was born in Pennsylvania.

  • July 4, 1826: John Adams died in Massachusetts and Thomas Jefferson died in Virginia, on the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

  • December 3, 1826: George B. McClellan, Civil War general and commander of Union forces at the Battle of Antietam, was born in Philadelphia.

  • Josiah Holbrook began the American Lyceum Movement in Massachusetts.

  • Irish immigrant John Hughes, future archbishop and political force in New York, was ordained a priest.


  • March 26, 1827: Composer Ludwig van Beethoven died in Vienna, Austria, at the age of 56.

  • August 12, 1827: English poet and artist William Blake died in London, England at the age of 69.

  • Artist John James Audubon published the first volume of Birds of America.


  • February 8, 1828: Writer Jules Verne was born in France.

  • Summer-Fall 1828: The election of 1828 is preceded by perhaps the dirtiest campaign ever, with supporters of Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams hurling shocking accusations.

  • November 1828: Andrew Jackson was elected president of the United States.


Decade By Decade: 1800-1810 | 1810-1820 | 1830-1840 | 1840-1850 | 1850-1860 | 1860-1870 | 1870-1880 | 1880-1890 | 1890-1900 | The Civil War Year By Year

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