Despite the great advances of the 19th century, the period will also be known for slavery. The slave trade was eventually eliminated, and in the United States the abolition movement became a great moral force. Conflict centered around slavery eventually led the United States into a tragic war between the states. On the other side of the world, in Russia, the serfs were liberated.
Slavery in 19th Century America
Slavery in America ended with the Civil War, but the long struggle to end slavery actually consumed much of the first half of the 19th century.