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Science & Culture

Great minds transformed the world throughout the 1800s. Washington Irving, Charles Dickens, and Walt Whitman made their mark in literature, while Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, and Louis Pasteur shook up other disciplines. Impressionism startled the art world. Great museums and libraries flourished, books were made widely available, and literacy became widespread.
  1. Artists (6)
  2. Authors (21)
  3. Inventions (1)
  4. Rise of Libraries (1)
  5. Spread of Literacy (3)
  6. Thinkers (2)

Charles Darwin Published On the Origin of Species in November 1859
The British naturalist Charles Darwin published his book On the Origin of Species on November 24, 1859 and profoundly changed the way people considered biology and science in general.

William Henry Jackson's Photographs Helped Create the National Parks
Photographer William Henry Jackson carried his camera along on official government surveys in the west, and his stunning photography of the Yellowstone area in Wyoming helped inspire the movement to create National Parks.

Arthur Conan Doyle
Scottish-born author Arthur Conan Doyle created one of the world's most famous characters, Sherlock Holmes.

Journalism In the 19th Century
History of journalism in the 19th century, with links to relevant articles.

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